|Acacia cathechu|| (Katha) Used as a natural coloring agent in henna hair preparations.|
|Alfalfa Extract|| Medicago sativa. Natural cleanser and mild exfoliant high in vitamins A, B, C, D and E and minerals. Used in face masks, bath oils, creams and lotions, alfalfa is also rich in protein, which makes it an excellent ingredient for hair care products. Contains saponins (natural foaming agents).|
|Algae Extract || A blend of three varieties of red algae—Chondrus crispus (Irish moss), Euchema and Gigartina—that grow along the Atlantic coast of Europe and North America. High in iodine and amino acids, algae extract is very nourishing and soothing to the skin. Also used as a thickener and stabilizer in cosmetic preparations.|
|Allantoin || Symphytum officinale. Extract from comfrey used in celltherapy treatments, face creams and suncare preparations as a healing agent and moisturizer. An antiinflammatory and antiirritant, allantoin is reported to promote skin cell regeneration. It can also be made from uric acid, but the comfrey root type is superior. The finest quality allantoin is free of pyrrolizidine alkaloids.|
|Allspice|| Pimenta officinalis. The ground, dried berries of an evergreen tree indigenous to the West Indies. Often used as a spice or fragrance, it also acts as a scalp tonic.|
|Almond Butter|| Prunus amygdalus dulcis. Butter made from sweet almond oil, a rich emollient and skin conditioner.|
|Almond Meal|| Prunus amygdalus dulcis. Ground extract of the sweet almond kernel, used in face masks as a mild exfoliant.|
|Aloe, Aloe Vera, Aloe Vera Oil|| Aloe barbadensis. In the first century A.D., Roman naturalist Pliny wrote extensively about aloe as a healing agent for wounds and abrasions. It is considered one of nature's most effective remedies for sunburn and skin irritations, and a superb hydrator for dry hair and skin. Use organic aloe whenever possible.|
|Aloe Vera Juice||Aloe Vera has healing soothing, antibacterial and moisturising properties. It is used to relieve burning, itching, minor cuts and first and second degree burns. Recent studies indicate that aloe vera has the ability to accelerate cell growth in the skin.
|Aloe Vera Fillet|| Aloe barbadensis. The whole gel-like "fillet" removed from the aloe leaf. An excellent skin soother and hydrator.|
|Alpha Lipoic Acid|| Thioctic acid. Powerful antioxidant and antiinflammatory obtained from potatoes. Used in anti-wrinkle lotions and moisturizers for its protective effects on skin.|
|Alpha Olefine||A natural surfactant" (cleansing agent) synthesised from vegetable extracts and castor oil.. non toxic
|Amber Essence||A proprietary blend of organic essential oils and the rare, precious and highly sought-after scent from amber resin (which is a blend of styrax tree resin and essential oils extracted from the wood and resin of various trees and plants) Warm, earthy, musky, and deeply sensual.|
|Amino Acids || Amino acids are "the building blocks" that make up proteins. Because proteins are necessary to every living cell and are involved in every major process in the body, amino acids are essential to health. Of the roughly 28 known amino acids, 80 percent are manufactured by the body. The others, known as essential amino acids, must be obtained from the diet. Amino acids support proteins in the skin (collagen, elastin, etc.) and, used in certain combinations, help regulate oil production in the skin and scalp. Human hair is made up of 18 amino acids, which is why many quality hair care products contain them. |
|Amino Acid Complex (Cysteine, Methionine)|| Sulfur-rich amino acids essential to protein metabolism, very nourishing to the hair and skin. Together they promote the regeneration of new skin cells and help regulate oil production in the skin and scalp.|
|Aminobenzoic Acid || (PABA) Water-soluble B vitamin that acts as a skin nutrient and sun protector, screening out the sun's damaging UV rays. Some people are sensitive to aminobenzoic acid, so a PABA ester (Padimate O) can be used as an alternative. |
|Angelica|| Angelica archangelica. Both the essential oil and the dried leaves of this herb are very aromatic. Angelica oil and angelica wax are excellent skin soothers.|
|Annatto || Bixa orellana. The waxy extract from a South American shrub, used as a natural color. Annatto is a reddish-brown color, but when mixed with an acid becomes a deep red.|
|Apple Oil|| Pyrus malus. Extracted from the peel of apples and combined with the juice from the pulp. Contains malic acid, an antioxidant and natural pH adjuster. Has a pleasant fragrance.|
|Apricot Oil|| Prunus armeniaca. Essential oil from apricot pits, also known as persic oil. An emollient similar in composition to almond oil, it has a softening effect on the skin.|
|Apricot Kernels, Apricot Seeds|| Prunus armeniaca. Ground into a powdered form, these ingredients are added to exfoliating masks and scrubs for their smoothing effect on the skin.|
|Ascorbic Acid(Vit C)||Natural Vitamin C is an antioxidant and free-radical scavenger. Vitamin C is indispensable for the formation of healthy collagen, which reduces the appearance of wrinkles and keeps the skin looking young. It has been shown to inhibit skin cancer.
|Arnica Oil|| Arnica montana. Herbal extract used in hair tonics and massage preparations for its nourishing and antiinflammatory properties. Combined with vitamin E, it is an excellent natural deodorant.|
|Atlas Cedar|| Cedrus atlantica. Aromatic essential oil known for its antiseptic and calming properties on the skin and its warm, woody scent. Its use as a natural fragrance dates back to ancient Egypt.|
|Avocado Oil|| Persea gratissima. Moisturizes, nourishes, softens. Unrefined Avocado oil, which is dark green in colour, contains vitamins A, B1, B2, D, Pantothenic acid and E as well as lecithin. It is excellent for dry and wrinkled skin. A good source of vitamins A, D and E, amino acids and sterols. Herbalists traditionally have used avocado oil in hair and scalp preparations and in the treatment of chronic dry skin conditions. Easily absorbed by the skin and scalp, it is very soothing and nourishing.|
|Aubrey's Preservative|| Natural preservative blend composed of citrus seed extract (from grapefruit seeds) and antioxidant-rich vitamins A, C and E. This preservative extends the shelf life of products by no less than one year, and sometimes as much as three years, depending on the product.|
|Balm Mint|| Melissa officinalis. Very mild extract, ideal for sensitive skin and skin prone to rashes and other allergic reactions. An antiirritant and sedative, it soothes and calms the skin and scalp and promotes healing.|
|Balsam Tolu|| Myroxylon toluiferum. Antiseptic and antibacterial widely used in topical preparations for its healing properties,
and in hair tonics and antidandruff products. Sometimes also used as a fragrance.|
|Balsam Peru Essential Oil||An amber coloured semi-solid mass exuded from the trunk after it has been stripped of bark. Rich, sweet vanilla-like aroma. Helps give a gloss and sheen to the hair.|
|Basil ( Ocymum basilum )||Beneficial for its cleanser and relaxing properties. Containing high concentrations of Vitamin A and C.|
|Bay Leaf Oil|| Laurus nobilis. Essential oil obtained from the leaves of the bay laurel tree indigenous to the Mediterranean. Often used as a spice or fragrance, it also acts as a scalp clarifier and tonic.|
|Bay Rum|| Pimenta racemosa. Essential oil native to the West Indies. A tonic for skin and scalp, widely used in men's colognes and aftershaves for its fresh, spicy scent. (See also Pimenta Leaf Oil .)|
|Beeswax|| Apis mellifera. Obtained from the honeycomb of the honeybee. A natural thickener and emulsifier.|
|Beet Root Extract|| Beta vulgaris. The extract or juice of beets, used as a natural red color.|
|Benzoin Gum, Benzoin Bark|| Styrax benzoin. Natural antiseptic and astringent with antioxidant and preservative properties. Promotes healthy skin and scalp. A tincture is used in dentistry to treat inflammation of gums.|
|Bergamot Essential Oil||Pure essential oil of bergamot is expressed from the peel of the citrus fruit. It is refreshing, uplifting and can also be relaxing. It has antiseptic properties.|
|Beta-carotene || Orange or red compounds, precursors to
vitamin A, which occur naturally in plants. Essential for skin health.|
|Bicarb Soda||Sodium bicarbonate is a mild abrasive, cleansing and whitening.|
|Biodynamic Avocado Oil||Unrefined Avocado oil, which is dark green in colour, contains vitamins A, B1, B2, Pantothenic acid and E as well as lecithin. It is excellent for dry and wrinkled skin.
|Bilberry Fruit|| Vaccinium myrtillus. Astringent and tonic, the extract of the berries has been shown to increase capillary strength. A source of natural fruit acids, used in facial masks and lotions to promote exfoliation and encourage a more rapid turnover of skin cells. (See Fruit Acids .) Taken internally, bilberry is said to improve night vision and help prevent macular degeneration.|
| Biodynamic Macadamia oil.
|| Highly nourishing oil that is suitable for all skin types, especially dry and mature skins. This oil helps reduce moisture loss from the skin and is naturally resistant to oxidation.
| Biodynamic Tea Tree oil
|| The pure essential oil from the leaves of the Tea Tree is a potent antiseptic and anti-bacterial and is excellent for the treatment of acne.
|Biotin || Also known as vitamin H, biotin is part of the B vitamin group. It is an important factor in the growth of tissue and the proper functioning of the oil glands. A biotin deficiency can lead to dry skin, seborrheic dermatitis and the formation of dandruff and crusts in the scalp. Biotin is vital for the maintenance of a normal fat metabolism, and is essential for hair growth and scalp health.|
|Birch||Leaves the skin soft and silky. It has antiseptic and aromatic properties and is helpful in activating and enlivening damaged hair. Very beneficial to the skin. It is also useful in hair loss preparations.
|Bitter Almond Oil || Amigdalus communis. Essential oil used as a skin softener. Sometimes added to cosmetics for its mild, pleasant scent.|
|Bitter Orange Extract||A natural antimicrobial with broad-spectrum activity, developed for the food industry. Biodegradable. Non-toxic.|
|Black Currant Extract|| Ribes nigrum. A source of natural fruit acids used in face masks and lotions to encourage a faster turnover of skin cells. |
|Black Pepper|| Piper nigrum. Essential oil steam distilled from black peppercorns. Tonic and antimicrobial. Blended with other essential oils, it creates a distinctive spicy fragrance.|
|Bladderwrack Extract || Fucus vesiculosus. Seaweed rich in alginic acid, amino acids, polysaccharides, minerals and vitamins. Its essential oil is a stimulant and tonic. It is often used in massage lotions and some hair and scalp care products.|
|Blueberry Leaves|| Vaccinium. The leaves of the blueberry make a mild, soothing tea that is an excellent, non-drying skin tonic.|
|Bluebottle || (Cornflower) Centaurea cyanus. A moisturizing agent for the skin.|
|Blue Camomile || Matricaria chamomila. Also known as German Camomile, its essential oil is deep blue in color and has a lovely fragrance. An antimicrobial and tonic, very soothing to scalp and skin.|
|Blue Cypress Oil|| Callitris intratropica. Essential oil widely used in Australia for its woody fragrance and germ-zapping properties. A natural disinfectant and freshener, blue cypress oil makes an excellent addition to bath products and room deodorizers.|
|Blue Green Algae|| Aphanizomenon flos aquae. Made up of 50% to 70% utilizable protein, blue green algae is an excellent food, used for thousands of years for its mild taste and easily assimilated nutrients. A good source of enzymes, minerals, trace minerals and antioxidants, its amino acid profile is virtually identical to that of humans, which makes it more readily absorbed by the skin. Used in hair care products for its protein content, it helps revitalize and condition dull, damaged hair.|
|Borage Oil|| Borago officinalis. Nutrient-dense oil high in rare gamma-linolenic acid (GLA), also found in human breast milk. An anti-inflammatory and soothing agent, very beneficial for some dry skin conditions. Combined with Rosa Mosqueta® oil and alfalfa extract, borage oil is an excellent ingredient for dry or mature skin preparations.|
|Burdock|| Arctium lappa. Antiseptic and antibacterial used topically to calm certain skin conditions. Its oil extract smoothes and revitalizes the hair and tones and soothes the scalp. An excellent ingredient in conditioners, anti-frizz hair care products and styling aids for coarse, curly, hard-to-handle hair. Has a cleansing calming and healing action, and may also promote hair growth. Known to eliminate impurities from the body Burdock root has been used as a remedy against skin cancer in China, India, Canada and Russia. Herbalists praise it as an excellent remedy for acne and eczema. Burdock is said to restore the smoothness of the skin and promote hair growth.
|Cade Wood Oil|| Juniperus oxycedrus. Essential oil obtained by steam distillation of the wood from the juniper tree. Used by European herbalists as a cleanser and toner to help clear and condition the scalp and prevent flaking. Today coal tar, a dangerous petrochemical, is generally used in its place in many mass-produced hair care products.|
|Calaguala Fern Extract|| Polypodium leucotomos. Used by Mayan Indians in skin and scalp preparations as far back as 350 B.C., this soothing herbal smoothes and conditions the skin and helps clear and tone the scalp and remove buildup. A superb addition to preparations for dry skin and scalp conditions.|
|Calamine|| A natural blend of zinc oxide and a small amount of ferric oxide, used in skin lotions, ointments and liniments for the treatment of itchy skin and rashes.|
|Calcium Pyrophosphate|| Mild abrasive added to toothpastes for cleaning and whitening teeth.|
|Calendula || Calendula officinalis. The common Marigold, known for its healing and analgesic properties. It is a frequent ingredient in ointments and natural deodorants. Contains saponins. Sometimes used as a natural yellow color. Soothes, heals, restores. Calendula is an excellent antiinflammatory, and is very useful for eczema, dermatitis and irritated skin in general.
|Candelilla Wax||A wax derived from the Candelilla plant|
|Camomile || Anthemis nobilis. A softening agent for rough, dry skin, used since ancient times for its calming and conditioning effects. Its soothing and hydrating properties also work well on the hair and scalp. (See also Roman Camomile ; Blue Camomile .)|
|Camphor Oil|| Cinnamomum camphora. Tonic and freshener used in small amounts in lotions and creams for its cooling and soothing effects. Has antiinflammatory and antiseptic properties.|
|Canadian Willowherb|| Epilobium angustifolium. Antiinflammatory and soothing agent shown in clinical studies to work faster and better than many hydrocortisone creams in reducing itching and irritation. A superb skin care ingredient, often used in suncare products. Contains salicylic acid.|
|Carrageenan|| Food-grade seaweed gum obtained from Irish moss (Chondrus crispus) and other red algae. A natural stabilizer, binding agent and emulsifier. Food-grade carrageenan should not be confused with degraded carrageenan, which is a known carcinogen.|
|Carrot Oil || Daucus carota var. sativa. The seeds of carrots yield an essential oil that is rich in beta carotene, orange or red compounds that are precursors to vitamin A and occur naturally in plants. Also high in vitamin E, it is essential to skin cell regeneration and stimulates the production of sebum in dry, scaly scalps and skin.|
|Carrot Seed Extract||Carrot seed has regenerating and toning effects, which is excellent for mature and congested skin.
|Carrageenan Gum||Carrageenan is a natural gum derived from certain types of red seaweeds belonging to the Rhodophyceae family. Carrageenan is used for thickening, suspending and binding ingredients.|
|Castile Soap|| A mild vegetable oil-based soap saponified with an alkaline salt. |
|Catnip Essential Oil||Catnip is a perennial herb belonging to the mint family. It is primarily known for the stimulating effect it has on cats, although some people use the leaves in tea, as a meat tenderizer and even as a folk treatment for fevers, colds, cramps and migraines. Research by Iowa State University and the US Forest Service announced that nepatalactone, a component in catnip, can be used as a very effective mosquito repellent. The authors stated that nepetalactone is about 10 times more effective than DEET, the compound used in most commercial insect repellents.|
|Cayenne Pepper Extract|| Capsicum frutescens. Its active ingredient, capsaicin (the chemical responsible for making peppers hot) is a powerful analgesic that works by blocking the activity of substance P, responsible for the transmission of pain impulses in the body. An excellent antiinflammatory and warming agent, used in massage lotions and liniments to soothe tight, overworked muscles and tension.|
|Cedarwood Oil (Red)|| Juniperus virginiana. Essential oil known for its antiirritant properties and its soothing effect on the skin and scalp. Sometimes used as a natural fragrance.|
|Cellulose Gum|| The most abundant polymer found in nature. Used as a setting agent in hairsprays, styling gels and mousses. A natural alternative to synthetic polymers (such as PVP) found in most mass-produced styling aids. Also used as a binder and thickener in cosmetic products.|
|Celtic Sea Salt||Hand harvested Sea salt. Natural bath crystal. High in essential minerals.
|Centaury|| (Century Herb) Erythraea centaurium. Used in cosmetics for its soothing and astringent properties. Applied topically, it helps even out skin tones and fade freckles and other skin discolorations. Also used as a natural color.|
|Chamomile Extract||Antimicrobial, calming, soothing.|
|Chamomile German Essential Oil||German Chamomile has anti-bacterial and fungicidal properties. It has excellent wound-healing and pain-relieving properties.|
|Chamomile Roman Essential Oil||The pure essential oil Roman Chamomile flowers is antiseptic, astringent and has healing properties for dermatitis, eczema, acne and rashes. It is especially effective in treating sensitive, dry and inflamed skin.|
|Chestnut Extract|| Castanea sativa. Tonic and astringent, also used as a natural brown color in makeup formulations.|
|Chinese Angelica|| (Dong Quai) Angelica sinensis. Superb skin and scalp tonic and antibacterial used in preparations for acne and other skin conditions.|
|Chinese Chrysanthemum|| (Ju hua) Chrysanthemum morifolium. Used in Chinese medicine in the treatment of allergic reactions and skin irritations. Known for its soothing effect on the skin and scalp.|
|Chinese Golden Thread|| Coptis chinensis. Natural antibiotic and immune system enhancer. Very similar to goldenseal, but four times higher in its active constituent berberine.|
|Chlorella|| Chlorella pyrenoidosa. Made up of over 60% protein, this green micro-algae contains all the essential amino acids, and is high in chlorophyll and vitamin B. An excellent nutrient, often used as a skin hydrator. A natural ocean algae extract that provides a high moisturising and soothing properties. High in natural mineral content. Used for its known qualities towards repairing cuticles and strengthening nails.
|Chrysanthemum|| Chrysanthemum roseum. Often called Persian pellitory or painted daisy. A natural astringent and skin revitalizer.|
|Cinnamon Leaf Essential Oil||Antimicrobial, mild astringent, soothes, cools|
|Cinnamon|| Cinnamomum zeylanicum. Fragrant spice used as a coloring agent in natural makeup powders.|
|Citric Acid|| Extract from citrus fruits used as a natural pH adjuster in cosmetics. Added to shampoos, it acts as a chelating agent, binding to chlorine and iron (from hard water) and removing them from the hair.|
|Citric Seed Extract||Derived from citrus fruit and employed as a preservative and helps adjust acid/alkaline balance.
|Citronella Essential Oil||Steam distilled from Managrass or Lemon Balm grass. Uplifting and clearing. Good for oily skin and excessive perspiration. Insect repellent.|
|Clary Sage Oil|| Salvia sclera. Essential oil with astringent and anti-wrinkle properties, also used as a natural fragrance.|
|Clematis|| Clematis vitalba. Applied topically, this herb has anti-inflammatory properties and a soothing effect on the skin.|
|Clove Oil|| Eugenia caryophyllus. Soothing agent and antiseptic. Herbalists often recommend this fragrant herb for sensitive teeth and gums.|
|Clove Bud Essential Oil||Steam distilled from the Clove flower buds. Clove oil is antiseptic, stimulating and pain-killing.|
|Cocoa Butter||Pressed from the delicious smelling cocoa bean. It is a rich emollient for dry skin. Softens and protects, particularly where skin is thin (eyes, lips and throat).|
|Coconut Fatty Acid Cream Base || Absorption base containing essential fatty acids, coconut fatty alcohols from palm kernels, aloe vera and vitamins A, C and E. Rich in linoleic and linolenic acids (vitamin F), excellent nutrients and skin conditioners. In hair care products, it is often combined with the important amino acids cysteine and methionine, which are high in sulfur and excellent for the hair and scalp.|
|Coconut Fatty Alcohols|| The long-chain fatty alcohols from coconut palm kernels, which are natural emollients. Synthetic versions of cetyl alcohol are often used in commercial formulations and should be avoided.|
|Coconut Milk|| Cocos nucifera. The milk from coconuts, a natural hair and skin hydrator.|
|Coconut Oil || Cocos nucifera. Rich emollient expressed from coconuts. It is naturally converted into a soap through a saponification reaction with an alkaline salt. Beware of cosmetics that bill themselves as "natural" and use a synthetically processed derivative, sodium lauryl sulfate, claiming it comes "from coconut oil." Accept nothing but the real thing in its natural form.|
|Coconut Oil-Corn Oil Soap|| Natural cleansing and foaming agent made from coconut/palm fatty alcohols and glucose obtained from corn. This mild, natural detergent has a similar composition to saponins (plant glycosides) obtained from soap bark (quillaya) and yucca root.|
|Coco betaine||Derived from coconut oil and is used as a foaming agent.|
|Coco polyglucose||Coco polyglucose is a "non-ionic surfactant" (foaming agent) synthesised from coconut and glucose from corn.
Coco polyglucose has excellent dermatological compatibility (i.e. it is very mild on the skin). Based on the Duhring Chamber Test it has the lowest irritation score of all common surfactants tested. It is free from ethylene oxide (which can cause nitrosamine contamination) and free from preservatives.
It has low environmental impact due to:
1. high biodegradability (breaks down readily)
2. high eco-toxicological compatibility (doesn't harm the environment if released)
3. it manufactured from completely renewable vegetable raw materials
Having praised it's virtues, we still feel it is an "undesirable" in our range of certified organic raw materials, and we eventually hope to replace with the certified organic “foaming agent” of similar functionality.|
|Collagen|| Dermal protein that makes up 70 percent of the body's connective tissue. Applied topically, it helps attract and retain moisture to smooth and soften the skin, increase elasticity and diminish the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.|
|Coltsfoot|| Tussilago farfara. Superb skin nutrient, high in
polysaccharides, vitamin C and zinc. A natural antiinflammatory and soothing agent, it helps soften and regenerate the skin. Combined with horsetail in hair care preparations, it strengthens and smoothes hair fiber and promotes scalp health.|
|Corn Cob Meal|| Zea mays. Powder obtained from ground dried corn cobs, added to masks and scrubs for its pore-clearing and exfoliating properties. Sometimes used as a thickener.|
|Corn Meal|| Zea mays. Meal obtained from ground corn, used as a thickener and mild exfoliant in cosmetic formulations. It has a soothing and softening effect on the skin.|
|Corn Starch||Cornstarch is an ultra-fine, powdery flour ground from the endosperm, or white heart, of organic corn kernels.|
|Corn Syrup|| Natural chelating agent added to shampoos to improve rinseability by binding to iron (from hard water) and chlorine and removing them from the hair. Also used as an emulsifier and humectant.|
|Cucumber|| Cucumis sativa. Used in face creams, lotions and cleansers for its astringent, soothing and cooling properties. Rich in antioxidant vitamin C, an excellent protector and skin nutrient.|
|Cypress Blue Australian Essential Oil||Antibacterial, astringent, fixative. Distilled from the heartwood of the native Australian cypress tree. Warm and woody aroma with anti-inflammatory, anti-irritant and anti-viral properties.|
|Cysteine|| Sulfur-rich amino acid, very beneficial to the hair and skin. |
|Cystine|| Sulfur-rich amino acid. |
|D-Alpha Tocopherol (Vit E)||Natural Vitamin E protects skin from damage by pollutants and is a powerful free-radical scavenger. It inhibits the formation of cancer-causing nitrosamines and has been shown to inhibit cancer directly. Research has shown that vitamin E can double the life of human cells. It is therefore an excellent weapon against premature aging and wrinkles.
|D-Panthenol (Vit B5)||Panthenol is the provitamin of pantothenic acid (vitamin B5). It improves the moisture-retention capacity of the skin and stimulates skin regeneration. Dry skin stays supple and elastic for longer. It has an anti-inflammatory and anti-itching effect. It makes hair easier to comb, reduces hair splitting, improves the condition of damaged hair, thickens the hair and provides sheen.
|Decyl glycoside||A "natural surfactant" (foaming agent) synthesised from glucose from sugar. Non toxic
|Deionized Water|| Purified water that has had ions removed. The deionization process also removes nitrates, calcium, magnesium and heavy metals.|
|Desert Herb Complex|| Unique hair care herbal blend consisting of organic jojoba and aloe and yucca root extract. (For more information on these ingredients, see individual entries.)|
|Echinacea || (Coneflower) Echinacea angustifolia, Echinacea purpurea. Calms, revitalizes, stimulates, purifies. Echinacea herb is used internally as a blood purifier. Two varieties of this versatile herb are used both internally and externally in folk medicine as natural antibiotics to treat a variety of ills. A number of studies have pointed to its antibacterial and antifungal properties. Its root extract is used in celltherapy and anti-wrinkle creams as a hydrator and firming agent.|
|Eclipta alba|| (False Daisy) Used as a natural coloring agent in henna hair preparations.|
|Egg Oil|| The extract from whole eggs, rich in natural emulsifiers. An excellent emollient and humectant featured in shampoos, rinses and conditioners for dry or damaged hair for its soothing and moisturizing properties. In skin care products, it improves texture and soothes and hydrates skin without clogging the pores.|
|Elastin|| One of the three main proteins found in the skin (along with collagen and reticulin). |
|Elder Flower, Elder Berries|| Sambucus nigra. A superb skin softener. Contains an oil high in fatty acids (66%), very beneficial to the hair and skin.|
|Emblica officinalis|| (Indian Gooseberry) Used as a natural coloring agent in henna hair preparations.|
|Essential Oils|| Volatile liquids extracted from plant materials by steam distillation or expression, which contain the characteristic plant aroma. Unlike fixed plant oils (such as olive oil), essential oils evaporate at room temperature and do not leave an oily residue on the skin.|
|Ester-C® Topical || A patented form of natural vitamin C, both oil- and water-soluble, clinically shown to retain its potency longer than other forms. While ordinary vitamin C degrades quickly in skin care products, Ester-C® Topical is stable and delivers the full benefit of this powerful antioxidant, penetrating into deep layers of the skin to promote collagen production. (Ester-C® is a registered trademark of Inter-Cal Corporation.)|
|Eucalyptus Oil|| Eucalyptus globulus. Essential oil with powerful antiseptic, antibacterial and antifungal properties. Used in cleansers, massage formulations and bath soaks for its cooling, soothing effect on the skin. Herbalists recommend a few drops of the oil in a hot bath to open up blocked sinuses and help clear a stuffy nose.|
|Eucalyptus, Blue Mallee Essential Oil||Antiseptic, stimulating, decongestant|
|Evening Primrose Oil || Oenothera biennis. Superb emollient and skin nutrient, high in essential fatty acids. A source of rare gamma-linolenic acid (GLA), also found in human breast milk. Extremely beneficial in the treatment of eczema and other dry skin and scalp conditions.|
|Evergreen Oil|| Magnolia grandiflora. Mild astringent and tonic. Similar to cucumber oil, it has a cooling effect on the skin.|
|Everlasting Oil|| Helichrysum italicum. Essential oil often used as a fragrance.|
|Eyebright|| Euphrasia officinalis. Astringent and tonic. Has antiinflammatory properties.|
|Fatty Acids|| Basic building blocks of fats and oils. Fatty acids attach to a glycerin molecule to form mono-, di- or triglycerides. (See Vitamin F .)|
|Fatty Acid Esters|| Waxes derived from plants and animals, which are less greasy than fatty acid extracts. Jojoba oil (wax) and lanolin from wool are examples of fatty acid esters. Used in absorption bases and as emulsifiers in cosmetics.|
| Fennel Essential Oil
|| The pure essential oil of crushed Fennel seeds increases the elasticity of the connective tissues of the skin. It is anti-wrinkle and anti-aging and has a tightening effect on the skin.
|Feverfew|| Chrysanthemum parthenium. Analgesic and anti-inflammatory. Topically applied, a tincture of feverfew relieves pain and swelling of insect bites, rashes and other skin irritations.|
|Fir Oil|| See Siberian Pine Needle Oil .|
|Flaxseed Lignans || Linum usitatissimum. Phytonutrients found in flaxseeds, known for their antioxidant, antiinflammatory and oil-balancing properties on the skin. Clinical tests show that, applied twice daily, flax lignans decrease sebum production by as much as 20% after 28 days. Used in skin care formulations to prevent acne and clogged pores and reduce ingrown hairs and skin bumps caused by shaving.|
|Flaxseed Oil|| Linum usitatissimum. Emollient and antiinflammatory high in essential fatty acids, B vitamins, protein and minerals. Very nourishing to dry hair and skin, whether taken internally or applied topically.|
|Forsythia Fruit|| Forsythia suspensa. Antiinflammatory and astringent, used topically as a soothing agent for the skin. The Chinese call it Lian-qiao.|| Frangipani Absolute
|| An exquisite scent, steam distilled from the frangipani blossom.
| Frankincense Essential Oil
|| The pure essential oil obtained from the resin of Frankincense bark is regenerative and astringent. It is excellent for aging skin and the treatment of wrinkles. It tones the skin and promotes new cell generation.
| French Cypress
|| The pure essential oil of the Cypress leaves and twigs and have a tightening effect on the skin in general.
| French Lavender
|| The pure essential oil from the freshly cut tops of Lavender flowers is useful for all skin since it regulates sebum production. It fosters the regeneration of new skin cells and soothes inflamed skin.
|Fructose|| A sugar found in fruits and honey that soothes, hydrates and encourages moisture retention in the skin.|
|Fruit Acids || A group of acids naturally occurring in fruits and herbs, used in cosmetics for thousands of years to clear and smooth the complexion. They work by loosening the "glue" that holds the outer layer of cells to the surface of your skin, thereby encouraging exfoliation and more rapid turnover of skin cells. The patented trade name for fruit acids is Alpha-hydroxy acids, which are synthetically derived in most commercial formulations. (Alpha-hydroxy acids are now common ingredients in cosmetics, but were originally used as solvents in cleaning compounds and for tanning leather.) Some natural sources for fruit acids include bilberry herb, black currant, grapefruit, tomato, wine and grapes (glycolic, malic, pyruvic, benzylic, citric, tartaric and lactic acids).|
|Fumitory || (Tzu-hua-ti-ting) Fumaria officinalis. A superb tonic and purifier, this ancient Chinese herbal is known for its brightening effect on the skin. Combined with ginkgo leaf, it is very beneficial to the hair and scalp.|
| Garnet, Alluvial Polished
|| Water polished garnet. A hard, but smooth natural exfoliant
| Geranium (Rose) Essential Oil
|| Astringent, softens, soothes, and balances. The pure essential oil obtained from the Geranium leaf and stem is antiseptic, astringent and toning. It normalises sebum production and stimulates the lymphatic system, making it excellent for seborrhoea, rosacea and inflamed conditions.
|Geranium Oil || Pelargonium graveolens. Essential oil with astringent and tonic properties, an excellent normalizer for oily skin. Sometimes used as a fragrance.|
|Ginger|| Zingiber officinale. Antiinflammatory and stimulant with warming and soothing properties. Used in creams, lotions and hair care products, it promotes circulation to the skin and scalp. In both powdered and essential oil form, it is an excellent ingredient for bath soaks and other personal care products. Sometimes used as a fragrance.|
|Ginkgo Leaf Extract|| (Pai-kuo) Ginkgo biloba. Ancient Chinese herbal used in preparations to combat the effects of aging since 2,800 B.C. An antiinflammatory and antiallergenic, very soothing to the skin and scalp. Combined with fumitory in hair care products, it increases the hair's ability to absorb nutrients and improves scalp circulation.|
|Ginseng Root || (Jen-sheng) Panax Ginseng (Asian); Panax quinquefolium (American); Eleutherococcus senticosus (Siberian). One of the most prized herbs in China. A stimulant and tonic used in facial masks, lotions and overnight creams, it is also an effective ingredient in hair care products for its conditioning properties. Contains saponins.|
| Gl Glycerine
|| Derived from vegetable oils and is used for its ability of absorbing moisture from the air, and therefore helps keep moisture in creams and other products.
|Glucose|| A fruit sugar from corn and grapes that soothes and hydrates the skin, encouraging moisture retention.|
| Glycerol monosterate
|| Derived from vegetable oils and used as a emollient.
| Glyceryl monoglyceride
|| A food grade emulsifier used as an antimicrobial agent against gram-positive bacteria. Natural fatty acid used as a preservative.Non toxic food grade preservative.
|Glycolic Acid|| Fruit acid from sugar cane and other sources, often used in exfoliating masks and lotions to help remove dead skin cells and promote new cell growth. (See also Fruit Acids .)|
|Glycogen|| A sugar-based carbohydrate (polysaccharide) the body uses for energy storage. (See Glycoprotein .)|
|Glycoprotein || A protein linked to a polysaccharide (glycogen). Glycoproteins (derived from oyster shells) contain sugars and amino acids, which help strengthen and smooth the hair fiber.|
|Goa Herb|| (Chrysarobin) Andira araroba. A natural astringent, its chemical affinity to the keratin elements of the skin makes this herb an excellent treatment for acne, eczema and other skin conditions. A calming agent for itching, flaking or irritated skin.|
| Gotu Kola Extract
|| Anti-wrinkle, anti-aging, and healing. Gotu Kola herb is one of the reported "elixirs of life", as is Ginseng. Gotu Kola is said to be useful for stressed skin, to heal wounds, dermatitis, and inflammations and is a valued skin tonic.
|Grape Seed Extract|| Vitis vinifera. One of the most powerful antioxidants around, high in proanthocyanidins, a group of bioflavonoids superior to most because they are water soluble and much more easily assimilated by the body. A hard-working free radical scavenger, it prevents skin cell damage caused by sun exposure and pollution.|
|Grape Seed Oil|| Antioxidant-rich oil cold-pressed from grape seeds.The perfect oil for the babies skin. It is the favourite oil for massage blends because of its light texture, and lack of colour and odour. It is suitable for all skin types. It is one of the highest in polyunsaturated fatty acids.
| Grapefruit Extract
|| A potent antibacterial and anti fungal. It can also be used as an internal medication to relieve Candida infections.
| Grapefruit Seed
|| Grapefruit Seed Extract is a potent antibacterial and anti fungal. It can also be used as an internal medication to relieve candida infections.
|Grapefruit Oil || Citrus paradisi. An essential oil extracted from the peel of the fruit. Used in creams and lotions for its astringent and skin-freshening properties. Sometimes used as a fragrance.|
|Green Clay|| (Montmorillonite Clay) Commonly known as French green clay, rich in minerals and other nutrients. Used in deep-cleansing face masks to draw out impurities and balance and clear the skin.|
|Green Tea|| Camellia sinensis. The benefits of green tea to the skin have been widely documented. This powerful antioxidant (20 times stronger than vitamin E) inhibits the formation of cancer-causing free radicals and helps prevent skin cell damage caused by sun exposure and pollution. An important ingredient in suncare products, as well as in creams, lotions, shampoos and conditioners. An antiinflammatory and antiirritant, it is high in xanthines, very soothing and moisturizing to both hair and skin. Powdered Matcha green tea from Japan is the finest.|
| Guar Gum
|| A natural gum derived from the Guar plant. Used as a thickening agent
|Gum Arabic || (Acacia gum) Acacia senegal. Herbal gum used as a thickener and emulsifier in creams and lotions, and as a hair set in styling gels and sprays. Often combined with gum tragacanth.|
|Gum Tragacanth|| Astragalus gummifer. A thickener and binding agent in creams and lotions, this herbal gum is also a key ingredient in natural setting lotions, hairsprays and gels. Both gum arabic and gum tragacanth are natural alternatives to synthetic polymers (such as PVP) found in most commercial hair products.|
|Hamamelis Water|| See Witch Hazel .|
| Hazelnut Oil
|| Expressed from the kernel of the hazelnut, this oil contains vitamins, minerals and protein. It is said to be beneficial for oily or combinations skins and useful with acne.
|He Shou Wu || Polygoni multiflori. Powerful scalp stimulant and tonic used in traditional Chinese medicine to refresh and energize the scalp, minimize hair loss and prevent or reverse graying hair. (In Chinese, shou-wu literally means "a head full of black hair.")|
|Hematite|| Iron oxide, a mineral used as a coloring agent in face powders and makeups. Hematite varies in color from reddish-brown to black.|
|Henna Extract || Lawsonia inermis. A staple in shampoos and hair rinses for thousands of years for its coloring and/or conditioning properties. In its most common form, it is used to impart red or reddish-brown tones to the hair. Non-coloring (neutral) henna adds body and highlights without altering hair color.|
|Honey|| Light humectant and nutrient used as a thickening agent to give body to facial masks, creams and lotions.|
|Honeysuckle Oil|| Lonicera caprifolium. An excellent cleanser and purifier used in facial creams, shampoos and soaps. Adds a pleasant, sweet fragrance to cosmetics.|
|Hops|| Humulus lupulus. Antimicrobial and sedative, very soothing and toning to the hair and skin. In hair care preparations, it adds body and softness and is helpful in the treatment of dandruff and other scalp conditions. Combined with camomile, it reduces swelling and relieves itching and irritation.|
| Horsechestnut Extract
|| Decongests and drains broken capillaries, calms, strengthens. Horsechestnut seed is an excellent treatment for blotchy, sensitive skin. It helps to strengthen capillaries and is antiinflammatory.
|Horse Chestnut|| Aesculus hippocastanum. Antiinflammatory, antiirritant and mild astringent that helps stimulate circulation to the skin. Often found in massage lotions, and in products for sensitive skin for its sedative properties. Contains saponins.|
|Horsetail|| (Bottlebrush) Equisetum arvense. Nutrient-rich herbal high in silica, essential to collagen production. A vegan alternative to collagen treatments, it firms and refreshes the skin and promotes healing. Often used in conjunction with coltsfoot in hair care products, it strengthens the hair shaft and adds sheen and elasticity.|
|Hydrolyzed Elastin || A naturally derived, water-soluble protein of bovine origin. Applied topically, it helps attract and retain moisture to smooth and soften the skin.|
|Hydrolyzed Soy Protein || Water-soluble protein naturally derived from soy via the enzymatic hydrolysis process. Applied topically, it is an excellent hydrator that improves the texture and resiliency of the skin. In hair care formulas, it coats porous and damaged areas to strengthen and mend hair fiber.|
|Hydrosols || Also known as floral waters, hydrosols are byproducts of the steam distillation of plant materials. While essential oils are concentrated forms of plant essences, hydrosols are highly diluted, made up of variable ratios of plant materials to water. To protect consumers, standards are being developed to determine an acceptable ratio. Quality hydrosols are beneficial to skin and hair, but do not offer all the synergy of natural, unprocessed plant liquids (e.g., aloe vera and orange pith juice). |
|| This is an anti-microbial agent derived from glycine ( a natural preservative) which in turn is extracted from plants. Non toxic.
|Indigofera|| Indigofera tinctoria. A safe, natural plant color (deep blue to purple). Has antiseptic properties.|
|Inositol || Naturally occurring in lecithin, this B vitamin is produced by the body in greater quantities than any other nutrient. Essential for cell respiration, it helps maintain skin and scalp health. |
|Iodides|| Compounds containing iodine, naturally occurring in plants that grow in the sea. Applied topically, they are excellent antiseptics.|
|Iron Oxides|| A naturally occurring mineral used as a coloring agent in cosmetics.|
|Ivy|| Hedera helix. Antifungal often found in massage lotions and anticellulite preparations for its skin-toning and firming properties. Contains malic acid, a natural fruit acid that encourages skin cell turnover. Also used in shampoos and hair products for dandruff and other scalp problems. Contains saponins.|
|Jasmine Oil|| Jasminum officinale. Essential oil of the aromatic flower, widely used in aromatherapy for its calming effect and as a natural fragrance in cosmetics and perfumes. A popular herbal medicine in China, very soothing to the skin and scalp.|
| Jojoba beads
|| Waxy beads that act as a very mild exfoliant.
|Jojoba Butter|| Natural butter made from jojoba oil. An excellent skin emollient.|
|Jojoba Meal|| Simmondsia chinensis. High in protein and natural fibers, this byproduct of the moisture-rich jojoba plant contains 17 amino acids. Its mild exfoliating properties help clear away dead skin cells and nourish and deep-cleanse the complexion without drying it out.|
|Jojoba Oil, Jojoba Wax|| Simmondsia chinensis. Waxy oil extracted from the bean, which helps the jojoba desert plant retain water during the long summer drought. When used in cosmetic preparations, it not only acts as a humectant, but actually creates a protective film over the skin and hair shaft that helps seal in moisture. The oil is highly stable and very effective on dry skin, damaged hair and split ends.|
|Jojoba Wax Spheres|| Made from jojoba wax, these perfectly smooth microscopic beads act as gentle exfoliants in masks and scrubs. A natural alternative to polyethylene beads (plastic) found in some skin care products.|
|Juniper Berries|| Juniperus communis. Their essential oil is an excellent toner and antiseptic used to treat oily skin and acne, as well as eczema and other chronic skin conditions. Very soothing, it is also used as a fragrance.|
| Kakadu plum (Terminalia fedinaniana )
|| Kakadu plum extract: Known to have one of the highest source of vitamin C in the world. A skin tonic.
|Kaolin || (Mt. Kaolin Clay) A fine, natural clay from Mt. Kaolin, China, known for its drawing properties. Often used in deep-cleansing face masks.|
|Karite Butter|| See Shea Butter .|
|Kava Kava|| Piper methysticum. Mild sedative and analgesic used in the South Pacific as an aid in meditation. Taken internally, it helps relieve anxiety and stress. Applied to the skin, kava kava soothes and relaxes overworked muscles and tension. An excellent ingredient for massage lotions and bath oils.|
|Kelp|| Macrocystis pyrifera. Seaweed high in iodine and vitamins A, B-complex, C and E. A skin and scalp nutrient, very soothing and toning.|
| Korean Ginseng
|| The extremely rare and expensive Korean Ginseng root acts as a potent skin reactivator and rejuvenator. Ginseng activates cell metabolism and prolongs the life span of human cells. It is used as an anti-wrinkle and anti-aging ingredient. It is excellent for revitalising stressed skin. The polysaccharides in Korean Ginseng have antiinflammatory properties.
|Kukui Nut Oil|| Aleurites moluccana. The oil of the kukui nut from Hawaii, rich in essential fatty acids. A natural moisturizer and skin protector.|
|Lactalbumin|| Milk protein high in lactic acid and containing the eight essential amino acids. It has been labeled "the most perfect protein." An excellent ingredient in conditioners for dry or damaged hair.|
|Lactic Acid|| An acid naturally occurring in milk and fruits, which produces pH levels like those of the hair and skin. A rich moisturizer.|
|Laminaria|| Laminaria digitata. Seaweed high in antioxidants and iodine helps attract and retain moisture on the skin. An excellent humectant and nutrient.|
|Lanolin|| The oil obtained from the wool of sheep, used as an absorption base in moisturizers and hair products.|
|Lavender-Glycerin|| Lavandula angustifolia. Obtained by the maceration of lavender flowers in vegetable glycerin. Very soothing to the skin.|
|Lavender Oil || Lavandula angustifolia. Essential oil obtained from lavender flowers. Added to skin and hair care preparations for its soothing and antiseptic properties and pleasant fragrance.|
|Lavender Water|| Lavandula angustifolia. A byproduct of the distillation of lavender flowers, this hydrosol or floral water is a natural hydrating and soothing agent. An antiirritant and antiseptic, it is an excellent ingredient in facial cleansers, toners and lotions for sensitive skin.|
|Lawsonia inermis alba|| See Henna Extract .|
|Lecithin|| A vegetable extract high in natural fatty acids. Most common sources are soybean oil and eggs. (See also Phospholipids .)|
| Lemon Essential Oil
|| The pure essential oil expressed from the peel of ripe lemons is astringent, antibacterial, antiseptic and cleansing. When applied to oily skin is can help reduce sebum production. Lemon oil can cause increased skin sensitivity to ultraviolet light if left on the skin. We only use citrus oils in our Miessence cleansers, because they are washed off the skin.
| Lemon Myrtle Essential Oil
|| Astringent, antibacterial, repairs The pure essential oil of Lemon Myrtle leaves and twigs is a potent antibacterial and antiseptic. It is excellent for acne conditions and oily skin.
| Lemon oil
|| The pure essential oil expressed from the peel of ripe lemons is astringent, antibacterial, antiseptic and cleansing. When applied to oily skin is can help reduce sebum production.
|Lemon Peel Oil|| Citrus limonum. Essential oil with antioxidant and antibacterial properties, often used in cosmetics as a skin freshener and for its cool, pleasant fragrance.|
|Lemongrass|| Cymbopogon citratus. Antimicrobial and antifungal often used as a fragrance. Has antioxidant properties. An excellent normalizer for oily skin.|
|Lime Oil|| Citrus aurantifolia. Essential oil extracted from the peel of the fruit. A natural antiseptic and tonic, often used as a scent.|
|Linden Extract || Tilia cordata. The extract from the flowers of the lime tree (also known as linden tree), which contains an essential oil—farnesol—similar to aloe and camomile. An emollient and soothing agent for the skin, also used in eye care formulations.|
|Liposomes || Microcapsules or sacs made from fatty substances (phospholipids), easily absorbed by the skin. Used in creams and lotions, they penetrate deeply to deliver nutrients, moisture and other substances contained within the sac to internal layers of the skin. |
| Liquorice extract ( Liquiritia officinalis )
|| Delivers valuable soothing properties to the skin. Highly rejuvenating and nutritive qualities are attributed to it.
|Lysozyme|| A natural enzyme.|
|Macadamia Nut Oil|| Macadamia ternifolia. An excellent moisturizer and protector for hair and skin. High in essential fatty acids, its natural affinity to human sebum makes it an excellent skin care ingredient.|
|Magnesium|| A mineral essential for nutrition and absorption of calcium and vitamin C. Applied topically, it helps regulate oil production in the skin and scalp.|
|Magnolia Blossom Extract|| Magnolia acuminata. Natural tonic and antiirritant added to face creams for its slight bleaching effect on the skin. Sometimes used as a fragrance.|
|Mallow || Malva sylvestris. A natural hydrator, its skin-softening properties make it an excellent addition to creams, lotions and facial masks for dry skin. Sometimes used as a wash for tired eyes.|
|Mandarin Orange Peel Extract|| (Ju pi/chen pi) Citrus reticulata. Natural antiinflammatory known to improve skin and scalp circulation. Has a slight bleaching effect on the skin, helping fade freckles and other skin imperfections.|
|Mango Butter|| Mangifera indica. Butter made from the seed of the mango, similar to jojoba butter. An excellent moisturizer.|
|Manuka Oil|| Leptospermum scoparium. Analgesic, antifungal and antibacterial. Used by New Zealand's Maori people for its medicinal properties, this herbal oil has five times the antiseptic properties of tea tree oil and has a pleasant, honey-like fragrance.|
|Marigold|| See Calendula .|
|Marshmallow Root|| Althaea officinalis. An excellent hydrator and skin soother. Helps soften, protect and regenerate the skin.|
| Marshmallow Root Extract
|| Softens, revitalises, emollient, hydrates. Marshmallow leaf (or Althea) has been used since ancient times as an antiinflammatory and to soothe and heal the skin. Its name is derived from Greek, meaning healing. It is said to control oily skin and soothe allergic skin reactions.
|Meadowsweet || Spiraea ulmaria. Also known as Lady of the Meadow and Meadow Queen, it was considered a sacred plant by the Druids. Used in cosmetics for sensitive skin for its mild, tonic effect.|
|Menthol Oil|| Antiseptic and astringent derived from peppermint, its warming/cooling properties have a soothing effect on the skin. (See also Peppermint .)|
|Methionine|| Sulfur-rich amino acid, very beneficial to the hair and skin. |
|| A transparent mineral. Structured in thin sheets that glide across each other. Used to provide slip, light reflection and shimmer in cosmetics.
|Milk Thistle|| Silybum marianum. Detoxifier used internally in the treatment of liver disorders. Clinical studies have shown its active compound silymarin, a flavonoid with strong antioxidant properties, helps protect skin cells from free radical damage caused by sun exposure and pollution. Very soothing to the skin and scalp.|
|Mineral Water|| Water drawn from a spring, either naturally carbonated (such as Perrier) or still (such as Evian).|
|Mint|| Any of a variety of aromatic plants (genus Mentha) used as a natural antiseptic and freshener. Sometimes added as fragrance. (See also Peppermint ; Spearmint .)|
|Mistletoe|| Viscum album. An antiirritant, known for its soothing properties on sensitive skin. It is often combined with fennel, hops, camomile, balm mint and yarrow in skin formulations.|
| Moroccan Rose oil
|| Over one million blooms are used to make one kilo of the highly prized oil of the Moroccan Rose. It is excellent for dry, mature and sensitive skin. It is astringent, toning and regenerative.
|Morus Root|| (Sang-pai-pi) Morus alba. Extract of mulberry root bark, with antiinflammatory and humectant properties. The Chinese use it for its whitening properties and smoothing effect on the skin.|
|Mucopolysaccharides|| Plant or animal substances that bind with water to form the thick, jelly-like material that cements cells together. Used in skin and hair care formulations for their ability to retain water. Mucopolysaccharides from aloe vera are best.|
| Myrrh Essential Oil
|| The pure essential oil obtained from the resin from Myrrh tree has excellent anti-aging and anti-wrinkle properties. It is astringent (tones the skin) and promotes new cell generation. A superb moisturizer and freshener with skin-regenerating properties. Ideal for sensitive skin. Often used as a fragrance.
|Myrtle Herb Extract|| Myrtus communis. Aromatic stimulant and mild tonic sometimes used in suncare products for its soothing effect on sun-irritated skin.|
| Native Thyme Thymus
|| Native Thyme: known for its cleansing, anti-bacterial and purifying properties. Refreshing to the skin.
| Natural Cetyl alcohol
|| Derived from vegetable extracts and is a natural thickener, emulsifier and carrying agent.
|Natural Flower Oil|| Oil extracted from flowers and used in synthetic-free perfumes and colognes. A natural fragrance.|
|Natural Grain Alcohol || Powerful antiseptic, naturally obtained through the fermenting of carbohydrates in grains. (Many cosmetic formulations contain isopropyl alcohol, a petrochemical that's much cheaper to use and very harsh and drying to the skin.)|
| Natural Gum
|| A natural polysaccharide. It is a product obtained through the fermentation of a glucose-enriched medium by Sclerotium rolfsii.
| Neem Extract
|| Natural insect repellent from the oil of the leaves of the neem tree.
| Neroli Essential Oil
|| Extracted by steam distillation of orange blossom petals. Neroli is known to regenerate skin cells and improves the skin elasticity. It is also good for preventing acne, scarring and stretch marks.
|Nettle|| (Stinging Nettle) Urtica dioica. Excellent tonic and astringent, rich in phosphates and trace minerals. Promotes circulation to the skin and scalp and is said to stimulate hair growth, especially when combined with horsetail and coltsfoot. Its high silica and sulfur content make it very nourishing to the hair and scalp, and an excellent addition to products for thinning hair.|
|Niacin || Vitamin B-3, essential for blood circulation and healthy skin. |
|Non-GMO|| Not containing any genetically modified substances.|
|Nutmeg|| Myristica fragrans. A popular spice in cooking, the nutmeg essential oil is used in cosmetics for its exotic, spicy fragrance.|
|Oatmeal|| Avena sativa. Natural cleanser and toner, its mild exfoliating action makes it an excellent addition to facial masks. Has a slight bleaching effect and is said to help fade age spots and other skin imperfections and to even out skin tones.|
|Oat Protein || Avena sativa. Natural humectant clinically proven to increase hydration. Used in skin care products to smooth fine lines and wrinkles. |
| Olive Extract
|| Repairs, tones, firms, and anti-oxidant. Olive extract is a unique anti-oxidant from the olive leaf. It protects both your skin and the polyunsaturated oils in our products from free radical damage. It reduces skin damage caused by pollution and UV radiation, therefore protecting the skin from photo aging. It also improves skin hydration and elasticity.
|Olive Kernel Powder|| Olea europaea. Mild exfoliant derived from olive seeds.|
|Olive Leaf Extract|| Olea europaea. Used for its antibacterial properties.|
|Olive Oil|| Olea europaea. Rich emollient high in oleic acid, very beneficial to the skin. Used in skin care preparations for thousands of years for its softening and smoothing properties.|
|Olive Oil Castile || Olea europaea. Olive oil saponified with an alkaline salt becomes an excellent soap, mild and soothing to the skin. True olive oil castile soap should contain at least 40% pure olive oil.|
| Orange, Sweet Essential Oil
|| The pure essential oil expressed from the peel of ripe oranges is astringent, antibacterial, antiseptic, toning and cleansing. Orange oil can cause increased skin sensitivity to ultraviolet light if left on the skin. We only use citrus oils in our Miessence cleansers, because they are washed off the skin.
|Orange Blossom Oil || (Neroli) Citrus aurantium. Aromatic oil obtained from orange blossoms, often used as a fragrance. A mild astringent.|
|Orange Oil|| See Sweet Orange Oil .|
| Orange Pith Juice || Citrus sinensis. The plant liquid squeezed from the pith and peel of oranges after they have been juiced. High in vitamin C and pectinic acid, it helps smooth the cuticle of the hair to lock in nutrients and enhance shine.|
| Organic Rosehip Oil
|| Rosehip Seed oil is used to reduce scarring and facial lines, soften scars and retard premature aging. It is high in vitamin F (essential fatty acids).
| Organic Safflower Oil
|| Used often in massage oils and as a carrier for essential oils. Can be useful blended with any of the oils on this page. Spreads easily and is suitable for all skin types. Safflower oil is expressed from safflower seeds. It has one of the highest linoleic acid contents of all known oils. Safflower oil has superior skin compatibility and increases the moisture content of the skin (skin hydration is proportional to the level of linoleic acid in the skin).
| Organic Sesame oil ( Sesamum Inicum )
|| High in mineral content and usedconsisting essentially of oleic and linoleic acids and very beneficial to the skin.
| Organic Vanilla extract .
|| Derived from the vanilla bean and used for its greattaste and aroma.
|Oregano Oil|| Origanum vulgare. Powerful antifungal and healing agent. Chinese herbalists have used it for generations to soothe rashes and other skin irritations and relieve itching.|
|PABA|| See Aminobenzoic Acid ; Padimate O . |
|Padimate O || An ester of aminobenzoic acid shown to protect skin from the sun's harmful UV rays. A very effective sunscreen, recognized by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. |
|Palm Oil || Elaesis guineensis. Oil obtained from the seeds or fruit of the palm tree. Saponified with an alkaline salt, it is used in the manufacture of bar soaps. |
|Palma Rosa Oil|| Cymbopogon martinii. Essential oil used for its pleasant scent and hydrating and tonic effects on the skin.|
|Palmitate|| A salt or ester of palmitic acid, a fatty acid found in palm and other fatty oils. Often used in baby oils, bath oils, hair conditioners and moisturizers.|
| Panthenol || (Vitamin B-5) Natural hair thickener that helps give hair body and hold. An excellent hydrator, it helps nourish and strengthen the scalp and promote hair health. Also used as a natural skin hydrator, it is sometimes known as Pantothenic Acid.|
|Papaya|| Carica papaya. An excellent skin softener, its enzymatic action mildly exfoliates.|
|Passionflower|| Passiflora incarnata. Analgesic, antiirritant and sedative, its roots and leaves are used in skin care formulations for their soothing properties.|
|Patchouli|| Pogostemon cablin. Aromatic essential oil used as a fragrance for its rich, herbaceous scent, and as a fixative in perfumes and soaps. The pure essential oil of Patchouli leaves is used to treat dry, mature or wrinkled skin, to rejuvenate, invigorate and restore.|
|Peanut Oil|| Arachis hypogaea. Superb emollient often used in natural massage oils and soaps.|
|Pectin || Obtained from the cell walls of plants, the peel of citrus and the crushed pulp of apples. Used in hair care products, it helps smooth the cuticle to lock in nutrients and enhance shine. (See also Orange Pith Juice .)|
|Pellitory|| Anacyclus pyrethrum. A pungent herb used as a stimulant and circulation enhancer.|
|Pellitory-of-the-Wall|| Parietaria officinalis. Herbal extract known for its emollient and astringent effects. It is sometimes combined with the mallows elder and arnica in natural moisturizers.|
|Pennyroyal || Mentha pulegium. A member of the mint family. A strong purifier and antiseptic, as well as a natural insect repellent, said to drive away fleas and other pests. A key ingredient in natural pet grooming products.|
|Peony Herb, Peony Root|| Paeonia lactiflora. Antibacterial, antifungal and antiinflammatory used in acne preparations and in toothpastes and other oral hygiene products to promote healthy teeth and gums.|
|Peppermint Oil || Mentha piperita. Excellent antiseptic frequently used in shampoos and rinses for its toning effect on the scalp, and in bath oils for its warming/cooling properties on sore muscles. A natural antiinflammatory, very soothing to the skin and scalp.|
|Phospholipids || Fatty substances that are important constituents of cell membranes. Plant phospholipids are similar to human phospholipids and are readily absorbed into the skin. Phospholipids obtained from soybean oil in the form of lecithin are used to make liposomes, which act as delivery agents for vitamins and humectants. (See also Liposomes .)|
|Pimenta Leaf Oil || Pimenta officinalis. Essential oil from the leaves of an evergreen tree indigenous to the West Indies. An antiseptic and astringent, it also acts as a scalp tonic. Often used as a flavoring agent or fragrance.|
|Pine Needle Extract|| (Pine-tree) Abies siberica. The extract of pine-tree leaves, often blended with witch hazel, red vine and other herbals for its tonic, antiseptic and stimulating effect on the skin. Combined with hops, rosemary and horsetail, it makes an excellent addition to celltherapy moisturizers.|
|Pine Needle Oil|| See Siberian Pine Needle Oil .|
|Pine Tar|| Pinus sylvestris. Natural alternative to coal tar preparations. Soothes dry skin and scalp conditions.|
| Plantain Extract
|| Astringent, soothing, and healing. Plantain leaf is said to soothe and heal many skin conditions. It is toning and astringent (contracts skin tissues), and reduces oil secretions of the skin.
|Red Algae Extract|| See Algae Extract .|
|Red Vine|| Vitis vinifera. Extract from the leaves of the grape vine, known for its soothing, toning properties, and as an "anti-blotchiness" skin treatment. An antiinflammatory, it helps reduce redness and irritation. High in antioxidant vitamin C, choline and inositol.|
|Reticulin|| One of the three main proteins found in the skin, often used in cellular repair creams for its ability to attract and retain moisture.|
|Riboflavin|| (Vitamin B-2) This antioxidant B vitamin is an integral part of the chemical process that produces glutathione, which protects skin cells from free radical damage. Very beneficial to the skin and nails. (See also Vitamin B-complex .)|
|Roman Camomile Oil || Anthemis nobilis. Known for its antiinflammatory and skin-soothing properties, its use in hair and skin care goes back to ancient times. Brings out highlights in lighter hair.|
|Rosa Mosqueta® Rose Hip Seed Oil|| Rosa rubiginosa. Oil from the rose hips of a rare rose that grows in Chile's Andes mountains. High in vitamin C, and linoleic and linolenic acids, essential fatty acids necessary for skin cell regeneration, it has been used by South American Indians for hundreds of years for its healing and moisturizing properties. Clinical tests have shown that Rosa Mosqueta®, applied regularly, helps fade scarring and skin discolorations and encourage skin cell growth. There's no better moisturizer for dry or mature skin and brittle, damaged hair.|
|Rose Geranium|| Pelargonium roseum. Essential oil used in skin care for its soothing and aromatic properties. (See also Geranium .)|
| Rose Oil || (Rose Otto) Rosa damascena. Essential oil obtained by steam distillation. Used for its skin softening properties and pleasant fragrance.|
| Rosehip Seed Oil
|| Regenerates, moisturizes, heals . Our bright orange, unrefined Rosehip Seed oil is used to reduce scarring and facial lines, soften scars and retard premature aging. It is high in vitamin F (essential fatty acids).
| Rosemary Extract
|| A potent natural antioxidant, protecting our oils from rancidity. Extracted from the fresh leaves of the herb. It’s properties are antibacterial, soothing and wound healing.
|Rosemary Oil|| Rosmarinus officinalis. Essential oil beneficial to both hair and skin for its antioxidant, toning and purifying properties. In hair care products it is said to stimulate hair follicles to grow and encourage circulation to the scalp. Used in hair rinses, particularly in combination with sage, it soothes and conditions the scalp and helps remove buildup and prevent flaking.|
|Rosewater|| Rosa damascena. A byproduct of the distillation of fresh rose petals, this hydrosol or floral water is a natural hydrator and antiirritant. Used in cosmetics since the 10th century, it is an excellent soothing agent for dry, sensitive skin.|
|Rosewood || (Bois de Rose) Aniba rosaeodora. Essential oil often used for its pleasant, woody-floral fragrance. A mild analgesic and cellular stimulant.|
|Royal Jelly|| Substance secreted in the digestive tube of worker bees. A powerful nutrient high in amino acids, minerals and vitamins A, B, C and E. Very soothing and moisturizing to the skin.|
|Safflower Oil|| Carthamus tinctorius. Cold-pressed from safflower seeds. Rich in skin-soothing oleic acid and vitamin E.|
|Sage Oil|| Salvia officinalis. A purifier and tonic, its antibacterial action makes it ideal for sensitive skin or scalp and antidandruff preparations. It is often combined with rosemary in hair and skin care products, and like rosemary, it has antioxidant properties and is very beneficial to the skin and scalp.|
| Sage Extract
|| Extracted from the fresh leaves of the shrub. Its properties are antibacterial, soothing, deodorant and strengthening. Traditionally used in mouthwashes to soothes and heal mouth ulcers.
|Sandalwood Oil|| Santalum album. One of the oldest fragrance components, this aromatic essential oil has been in use for over 4000 years for its deep, woody, long-lasting scent. In recent years, the Indian sandalwood tree has become endangered. We use only farmed, sustainable Australian sandalwood in our products.|
|Saponin|| Natural glycoside that foams in water. A natural detergent.|
|Sarsaparilla Root|| Smilax utilis. Mild, natural detergent and skin purifier. Contains saponins.|
| Sclerotium Gum
|| Sclerotium Gum is a natural polysaccharide. It is obtained through fermentation of a sugar based medium by the yeast Sclerotium.
|Sea Buckthorn Oil|| Hippophae rhamnoides. Richest herbal source of antioxidant vitamins E and A (beta carotene and other carotenoids), which help prevent the formation of free radicals. This nourishing oil is also high in essential fatty acids, particularly rare palmitoleic acid, a constituent of the skin's sebum.|
|Sea Herbal Complex|| Special blend of sea herbals bladderwrack and laminaria, often used in skin and hair care products. (For more information, see individual entries.)|
|Sea Salt|| Mineral-rich salt naturally obtained from sea water. Used in bath soaks and body scrubs for its softening effect on the skin.|
|Sea Ware|| See Seaweed Extracts .|
|Seaweed Extracts || Special blend of herbal extracts from the sea, usually consisting of variations of the following: bladderwrack, carrageenan (seaweed gum), iodides and laminaria. (For more information on these, see individual entries.)|
|Selenium|| Micronutrient mineral with strong antioxidant properties, very soothing to the scalp. Included in shampoos and rinses for dandruff and other scalp problems, it helps remove buildup and keep scalp clear and healthy with continued use. Should be used in small amounts, as it can be irritating to the eyes.|
| Sericite Mica
|| A transparent mineral. Structured in thin sheets that glide across each other. Used to provide slip and light absorption in cosmetics.
|Sesame Oil|| Sesamum indicum. Similar to avocado oil, this rich emollient is high in linoleic and oleic fatty acids. Often used as a carrying agent for other ingredients in cosmetic formulations.|
|Shea Butter || Butyrospermum parkii. Moisture-rich butter obtained from the nuts of the Mangifolia tree in Central Africa, also known as karite butter or African butter. A superb emollient, high in fatty acids and other nutrients, it is an ideal ingredient for skin moisturizers, sun care products and hair conditioners.|
|Siberian Pine Needle Oil || (Fir Oil) Pinus sylvestris. Aromatic essential oil with antimicrobial and skin-purifying properties. Often used for its cool, pleasant fragrance.|
|Silica|| A mineral used in creams and lotions as a thickener and stabilizer. In suncare products, it works synergistically to increase the efficiency of sunscreen ingredients. Like talc, silica can cause serious damage to the lungs when the dry ingredient is inhaled, but is safe when applied topically.|
|Silk Powder|| Used in makeup powders to even out skin tones and leave the complexion soft and smooth. Obtained from silk threads, it is high in amino acids and vitamin E.|
|Skullcap|| Scutellaria baicalensis. Mild tonic and stimulant with antioxidant and antimicrobial properties. Very beneficial to hair and scalp.|
| Sobitan Olivate, Cetearyl Olivate
|| Non ionic, not ethoxylated, PEG-free, self-emulsifying system derived from olive oil. Soften and hydrates the hair.
|Sodium Cocoate|| Coconut oil (Cocos nucifera) saponified with an alkaline salt. A lathering agent in soaps. (See also Coconut Oil .)|
|Sodium Hyaluronate|| A naturally occurring glycosaminoglycan (polysaccharide) derived from beneficial bacteria. Used in skin care preparations to helps attract and retain moisture.|
|Sodium Hydroxide|| An alkaline salt obtained when electrolysis (positive and negative poles) is applied to sea water or salt water. Chlorine collects at the positive pole, and sodium hydroxide collects at the negative pole.|
|Sodium Palmitate || Palm oil (Elaesis guineensis) saponified with an alkaline salt. Primarily responsible for the hardness and durability of bar soaps. (See also Palm Oil .)|
|Sodium PCA|| Salt of glutamic acid, an amino acid that occurs widely in food. Used in appropriate concentrations, it acts as a humectant to help attract and retain moisture to the skin.|
|Sorbitol|| A white, sweet, crystalline alcohol found in certain berries and fruits. Used as a moisturizing agent, and as a sugar substitute.|
| Soy Lecithin (GMO free)
|| Soy Lecithin: is an excellent source of protein and helps revitalise skin and hair. High in vitamin B. Extract of soy oil.
|Soybean Oil|| Glycine max. Good emollient, high in linoleic, oleic, palmitic and linolenic acids, essential fatty acids necessary for healthy skin.|
| Soy Protein (GMO free)
|| Derived from the soybean and is used as a source of protein.
|Spearmint Oil || Mentha spicata. Essential oil used for its stimulating and tonic properties and refreshing fragrance.|
|Squalane|| A saturated hydrocarbon found in human sebum, added to cosmetics for its emollient and bactericidal properties. Squalane is typically obtained from shark liver oil, but the identical substance can be derived from olives. Olive oil squalane is more stable and much more compatible with the skin than its shark-derived counterpart.|
|St. John's Wort|| Hypericum perforatum. Although this calming herb is best known as a natural antidepressant, its oil form is an excellent emollient and skin softener, widely used in sun and skin care products for its healing properties on dry, irritated skin. Also beneficial to damaged hair and dry scalp. Not phototoxic when used topically.|
| Stevia Extract
|| A natural calorie-free sweetener, 300 times sweeter than sugar, without the dental problems.
|Sucrose|| A derivative of cane sugar. Hydrates and encourages moisture retention in the skin.|
| Sugar-Cane Ethanol
|| By-product of organic sugar production. Natural solvent for organic herbal extracts.
|Sunflower Oil|| Helianthus annus. The extract from sunflower seeds, a rich emollient high in linoleic and oleic essential fatty acids. A good base for massage oils and lotions.|
|Sweet Almond Oil || Amigdalus communis, var. dulcis. Excellent emollient high in oleic, linoleic and other fatty acids, ideal in the treatment of very dry skin. Soothing and moisturizing. A good absorption base.|
|Sweet Orange Oil || Citrus sinensis. Essential oil expressed from the peel of sweet oranges (Navel, Jaffa, Valencia). An antiinflammatory, antibacterial and antifungal used for its refreshing properties and pleasant scent. Contains flavonoids and vitamins A, B,
C and E.|
| Sweet Fennel
|| The pure essential oil of crushed Fennel seeds increases the elasticity of the connective tissues of the skin. It is anti-wrinkle and anti-aging and has a tightening effect on the skin.
| Sweet Orange
|| The pure essential oil expressed from the peel of ripe oranges is astringent, antibacterial, antiseptic, toning and cleansing.
|Tea Tree Oil|| Melaleuca alternifolia. Essential oil with powerful antiseptic and germicidal properties, similar to eucalyptus oil. Due to its strong odor, it must be used in small amounts in cosmetics, but makes an excellent addition to dandruff shampoos and therapeutic masks and moisturizers and is excellent for the treatment of acne.|
| Thyme Extract
|| Extracted from the leaves and flowering tops of the shrub. Thyme is antimicrobial, astringent and expectorant. Traditionally it has been used as a gargle for sore throats and for soothing coughs.
|Titanium Dioxide|| Naturally occurring mineral that actually deflects the sun's burning rays off the skin, offering significant protection from damaging UVA/UVB rays. Often combined with Padimate O, it is a superb ingredient for sunblocks.|
|Tofu|| Derived from soybeans, this rich plant food is high in protein, calcium, B vitamins and other nutrients beneficial to hair, scalp and skin. An excellent addition to absorption bases.|
| Vanilla Extract
|| Extracted from the cured vanilla pods. Vanilla is warming, soothing and an aphrodisiac. It also tastes and smells delicious!
|Vegetable Glycerin|| Rich humectant, emollient and lubricant naturally extracted from vegetable oils, used in cosmetic formulations for thousands of years. (Synthetic glycerin, otherwise known as propylene glycol, is highly irritating to the skin and scalp and should be avoided.)|
|Vegetable Protein || Termed "the building block of life," protein is our most important food, a leading source of vitamins and essential amino acids. Generally found in meats, eggs and dairy products, protein can also be obtained from soy, wheat and other plant sources. Applied topically, vegetable protein is an excellent hydrator, readily absorbed by the skin for improved texture. In hair care formulas, it combines with fatty acids and amino acids to coat porous or damaged hair and split ends. |
|Vetiver|| Vetiveria zizanoides. Soothing essential oil used in cosmetics for its smoky, earthy scent. Due to its sedative properties, in India it is known as "oil of tranquility."|
|Violet|| Viola odorata. Analgesic and soothing agent very beneficial to sensitive skin. Contains salicylic acid. The flower extract, combined with other oils and extracts, is often used as a fragrance.|
|Vitamin A|| Antioxidant vitamin widely used (both internally and topically) in the treatment of acne and other skin conditions. Its topical application promotes the formation of new skin cells and helps regulate oil secretion in the sebaceous glands. Particularly beneficial for dry or sun-exposed skin, it is often found in sun protection creams for its antioxidant properties and its soothing and hydrating effect on the skin. (A deficiency of vitamin A in the body reduces the mucopolysaccharides in the skin, which accelerates the skin's aging process.) Also used as a natural preservative in cosmetics.|
|Vitamin B-complex (Herbal)|| Water-soluble vitamins that, when applied topically, help control excess oil secretion. Particularly effective in preparations for rough, scaly skin and blemishes. Since B vitamins are the regulators of the body's metabolic functions, they are important to skin cell respiration. Calcium D-pantothenate and inositol are the two B-complex vitamins most beneficial to skin and hair health. (See also Inositol and Panthenol .)|
|Vitamin C || Powerful antioxidant and nutrient, very beneficial to the skin. Plays an essential role in building collagen, the connective tissue that makes up 70 percent of our skin. Vitamin C is also a natural preservative, protecting both the oil and water phases of cosmetics. |
|Vitamin E || (d-Alpha Tocopherol) The most potent antioxidant vitamin around, it protects skin from cancer-causing free radicals and is essential for proper utilization of oxygen in the tissues. In cosmetics it also acts as a natural preservative, protecting the oil phase in creams and lotions.|
|Vitamin F || Skin protector and revitalizer consisting of linoleic and linolenic acids, the two essential fatty acids. Used in moisturizers, it soothes rough, dry or chapped skin on contact and helps soften and revitalize dry or damaged hair. (See also Coconut Fatty Acid Cream Base .)|
|Vitamins A, C and E|| Their combined action, blended with citrus seed extract, makes an excellent natural preservative.|
|Walnut Extract|| Juglans nigra. Tonic and astringent, very beneficial to the skin and scalp. Also used as a temporary brown hair color, often in combination with henna.|
|Walnut Shells|| Juglans nigra. Natural exfoliants used in facial masks. The mild scrubbing action of ground walnut shells helps break up oil deposits and clear away dead skin cells and debris.|
|Watercress|| Nasturtium officinale. Good source of vitamins A, B-complex and C. Soothing and conditioning, very beneficial to the skin. Also shown to strengthen and thicken hair.|
| Wattle seed (Acacia vitoriae )
|| Wattle seeds: extracted to make syrup containing anti-inflammatory properties.
|Wheat Germ Oil|| Triticum vulgare. Extracted from the embryo of the wheat kernel. An antiinflammatory and skin nourisher that also acts as a natural preservative because of its high vitamin E content.|
|Wheat Grass|| Triticum vulgare. Antiinflammatory used in the treatment of eczema and dermatitis. An ingredient in many preparations for problem skin, and in shampoos and hair conditioners. Contains plant sterols.|
|Wheat Protein || Triticum vulgare. Water-soluble protein naturally derived from wheat. Applied topically, it helps attract and retain moisture and is clinically proven to minimize fine lines and wrinkles. In hair care formulas, it coats porous and damaged areas to strengthen and mend hair fiber. |
|White Birch Extract || Betula alba. Powdered extract from the bark of the birch tree, rich in betulin and known for its soothing and purifying effect on the skin. Herbalists use it in the treatment of many skin disorders. An excellent addition to sun care products and face creams.|
|White Camellia Oil|| Camellia japonica. Rich oil extracted from the white camellia flower, cultivated in the villages of China and Japan and used in hair and skin care formulations for thousands of years. A superb moisturizer and nutrient for hair and skin, it has antioxidant properties.|
|White Pine Bark|| Pinus strobus. American Indians used this soothing extract in preparations for dry scalp and skin conditions long before coal tar and other petrochemicals were ever used.|
|Wild Ginger Root|| (Nigerian Root) Asarum canadense. Added to bath products and massage lotions for its warming and soothing effect on sore muscles. Also used in small amounts as a fragrance.|
|Wintergreen Oil|| Gaultheria procumbens. A tonic, stimulant and freshener, this aromatic oil has a "heating" or "warming" action on the muscles and skin. Excellent in body rubs and bath oils, as well as mouthwash and toothpaste formulations. Is very high in salicylic acid.|
|Witch Hazel || Hamamelis virginiana. A byproduct of the distillation of the leaves and stems of the plant, this hydrosol or floral water is a natural astringent and tonic. An antiirritant and antiinflammatory, it is an excellent ingredient in facial cleansers, toners and lotions. |
| Xantham Gum
|| A gum produced by the pure culture fermentation of a carbohydrate also called 'Corn Sugar Gum' . It is used as a non-toxic thickener and stabiliser.
|Xylitol|| Sugar alcohol from the birch tree, used as a sweetener.|
|Yarrow|| Achillea millefolium. Extract from the flower heads of this ancient herbal, a known antiinflammatory and antiirritant. It also adds sheen to the hair and has a firming action on the skin.|
|Yeast|| High in protein and B vitamins. Added to cosmetics for its nutritional properties.|
| Yellow Dock Extract
|| Astringent, purifies, antibacterial. Extracted from the root of the plant. Yellow Dock is a skin and lymphatic restorative, astringent, and purifier. It is excellent for abscesses, acne, dermatitis, and eczema.
|Ylang Ylang Oil|| Cananga odorata. Revitalizes, soothes, balances The pure essential oil from the exotic "flower of flowers" normalises sebum production and is useful for dry, oily or combination skin. Essential oil used for its skin-soothing properties and spicy floral scent.|
|Yucca Root|| Yucca schidigera. Mild, natural detergent used in shampoos and soaps for its foaming and purifying abilities. Contains saponins.|
|Zinc|| Mineral essential for growth and skin cell regeneration. Promotes healing. Often prescribed orally to help control some forms of acne.|
|Zinc Oxide|| Occurring in nature as zincite, this water-insoluble substance makes an excellent sunblock, protecting skin from UVA and UVB rays.|